Questions 20-33: Go through the questions below and answer them
20. As man casts off worn-out garments and puts on others which are new, similarly the embodied
soul, casting off worn-out bodies, enters into others which are new. Of the following, which one best typifies the argument?
A. Inductive generalization
B. Predictive argument
C. Argument from authority
D. Causal argument
E. Argument from analogy
21. All the parliamentarians whom the reporter interviewed told that they had voted as per their
conscience. Therefore, probably all the parliamentarians voted as per their conscience.This argument is an example of:
A. Inductive generalization
B. Predictive argument
C. Generalization based on authority
D. Deduction generalization
E. Argument from analogy
22. Nature lovers are attracted to forests and nature parks. Just look at the number of people
visiting the Corbett national park. Which of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning least
dissimilar to the one exhibited in the argument above?
A.Defence personnel who are trained in extremely rigorous procedures often end up as dysfunctional members of the society. Hence if an officer is not trained rigorously, such an officer is more likely to be useful to the society.
B. This machinery has increased the work efficiency of the workers. As a result, some of these
workers are surplus to the company.
C. Fleas must thrive in a warm environment. During warm weather my dog suffers from fleas
more so than during cooler weather.
D. Cigarette smoking is known to cause lung cancer in some people. However, most victims of
lung cancer live in regions where smoking is uncommon.
E. Alcoholics and teetotalers usually appear at the same restaurant at the same time of the day.
Therefore, alcoholics are teetotalers must be hungry at the same time.
23. In this era of global capital flows, so much money is now flowing throughout the world that no
single country can fight the problem of inflation effectively by tightening its monetary policy.
If above is true, which of the following could be most logically concluded?
A. Changes in cash reserve ratio by Reserve Bank of India will control the rate inflation in India.
B. Countries finance ministers have sufficient control over their respective economies.
C. Countries finance ministers have insufficient control over their respective economies.
D. Inflation does not matter as long as incomes increase.
E. Citizens should limit their consumption which will reduce the demand of products, thus
24. Many entrepreneurs try to control the composition of their boards of directors, but more
experienced entrepreneurs tend to share control, inviting participation from institutional
investors and outside directors.
Which option best summarizes the idea that might be guiding experienced entrepreneurs behaviour?
A. The experienced entrepreneurs expect experienced directors to monitor the performance of
the enterprise and be a sounding board.
B. The experienced entrepreneurs expect the institutional investors to support the opinion of
entrepreneurs on all major decisions.
C. The experienced entrepreneurs expect the institutional investors and outside directors to agree
to higher remuneration for the board members.
D. Experienced entrepreneurs expect the experienced directors to engage in day-to-day
management of the company.
E. More the number of influential people on board, the easier it is to raise finances.
25. "There is nothing so stupid as an educated man, if you can get him off the thing he was
educated in."Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the authors contention?
A. True education implies a well-rounded exposure to major subjects.
B. An educated man will not discuss things which he does not understand.
C. The cost of a general education has led to the unfortunate fact that a persons education is
confined to one field.
D. Stupidity, like intelligence, is relative and therefore depends on the intelligence of the
E. Education is one of the main causes of people recognizing their capabilities and developing
26. Ram, an economist, and Ramesh, an astrologer, had a debate. Ram said "Astrology does not
work. It just cannot predict." "It can predict better than your subject" rebutted Ramesh. The evidence that best resolves the above debate will be:
A. Conduct a survey among scientists asking which one of the two should be considered as a
B. Compare past performance of astrologers and economists in terms of number of predictions
which have come true.
C. Conduct a survey among economists asking their opinion regarding the ability of economic
theory to predict economic phenomena.
D. Conduct an experiment where both astrologers and economists would be asked to predict the
future. Compare the number of predictions that come true.
E. Conduct an experiment where both astrologers and economists would be asked to predict the
future. Compare the percentage of predictions that come true.
27. Which of the following sentences draws a metaphor?
A. Karl Marx argued that the interests of two classes - the proletariat and the bourgeois - are
always in conflict and irreconcilable.
B. Karl Marx labelled the capitalist a parasite on the back of labour because the whole value or
produce created by the labouring man was expropriated by the capitalist.
C. Weber held that the protestant ethic was responsible for the rise of capitalism in medieval
D. Galbraith argued for a better balance between private affluence and public poverty, including
measures to protect the environment against the excesses of private companies.
E. Schumpeter argued that changes in economy are brought about by creative destruction.
28. Which sentence includes an example of personification?
A. Banjaras of Rajasthan are the human equivalent of an endangered species and have no
defence against the encroachment of farmers onto their ancestral lands.
B. Take airline pilots for example; they do not need to be graduates to qualify for this job and
most pilots are on a salary of Rs. 300,000 per month or more.
C. Recent research provided stark evidence that in education money still plays an important role;
it was found that children from poor households could not perform as well as children from rich households.
D. Girls in the family should have a share in the ancestral property as a matter of right whether
the will includes it explicitly or not.
E. Democracy does not help the common citizen and it ultimately degenerates into an oligarchy.
29. Which sentence suffers most from hyperbole?
A. Most collectors of coins would give the Earth to own one of the copper coins issued by
Mohammad Bin Tughlaq.
B. It is thought that eating raw tomatoes would greatly reduce the risk of cancer, but tomato
sauce can have a greater effect since it is made from many raw tomatoes.
C. Cricket has a great following in India, but the twenty-twenty format took the game to nook
and corner of the world.
D. We face an imminent drinking water crisis in India as the population growth is accompanied
by a general decrease in rainfall.
E. Nuclear fusion has potential to solve the energy crisis of not only our country, but that of the
30. Which sentence includes a euphemism?
A. Cell phone network signals are weak in the hilly regions.
B. Bottled water is reputed to be safe for drinking under all circumstances.
C. A cemetery is a place where people are buried when they pass away.
D. It is stupid to cry over split milk.
E. Criminal court arbitrates between the parties to the case.
31. Which of the following contains a non-sequitur?
A. If statisticians are made judges, they will accept or reject arguments based on probability
B. Public trust in politicians is at an all time low and we cant insist that the politicians go back to school.
C. Before preparing the annual budget, the CEO of XYZ Steel Limited takes opinion of all the
D. In cricket, the batting average does not always reflect a batsmans ability because it does not
reflect how many wins he was instrumental for.
E. Ordinary citizens do not have sufficient grasp of economic indicators to validate published
32. Recommence is to suspend as: nonchalant is to:
33. Which sentence includes an oxymoron?
A. On weekend we ate and drank a lot.
B. Meena corrected me by pointing out that she wanted pizza instead of burger.
C. Media reported the attack on media-persons.
D. He loved his aunt but found her kindness suffocating.
E. One should not compare apples and oranges