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Home » MBA Sample Papers » XAT Sample Papers » Sample Xat Verbal And Logical Ability paper-4

Sample Xat Verbal And Logical Ability paper-4

CLICK HERE : Expert Suggestions on Computer Based CAT : 2018 - 2019

Analyse the following passage and provide an appropriate answer for the questions 14 through 17 that follow.

Demography of organisations, also called population ecology is an interesting field. It proposes
that organisational mortality processes depend upon the age and size of the organisation, as well
as on characteristics of populations and environments. Moreover, there is evidence of an imprinting process - meaning that environmental conditions at certain early phases in an organisations development have long-term consequences. In particular, organisations subject to intense competition have elevated mortality hazards at all ages. A central theme is structural inertia, the tendency for organisations to respond slowly relative to the speed of environmental change. A central argument holds that the inertia derives from the very characteristics that make organisations favoured actors in modern society in terms of reliability and (formal) accountability.It follows that changes in an organisations core features are disruptive and increase mortality hazards, at least in the short-run. Research on this subject tends to support this view. The concept of niche provides a framework of relative environmental variations and competition to population dynamics and segmentation. Much empirical work examines the niches of organisational populations in terms of dimensions of social, political, and economic environments. Most research in this field builds on theories of resource partition and of density dependence. Resourcepartitioning theory concerns the relationship between increasing market concentration and increasing proliferation of specialists in mature industries. The key implication of this theory concerns the effects of concentration on the viability of specialist organisations (those that seek to exploit a narrow range of resources). The theory of density-dependent organisational evolution synthesizes ecological and institutional processes. It holds that growth in the number of organisations in a population (density) drives processes of social legitimatization and competition that, in turn, shape the vital rates.

14. Most top-notch business consultants recommended changing the entire configuration of an
organisations strategy, structure and systems. If the ideas contained in the passage are agreed
to, then such a recommendation:
 
 A. tends to rejuvenate the organisation.

 B. tends to make the organisation more aligned to the external environment.

 C. tends to increase the competitiveness of the organisation by redefining its core competence.

 D. tends to increase the vulnerability of the organisation.

 E. tends to make the organisation industry leader by reformulating its niche.

15. Consider the following: "Tata Steel, one of the biggest steel makers in the world, was born in
Jamshedpur." If above passage is true, then it can be concluded that location of Tata Steel has
been one of the reasons for its success.

 1. The conclusion is false.

 2. This is a farfetched conclusion.

 3. This is valid conclusion.

     A. 1 only

     B. 2 only

     C. 3 only

     D. 1 and 2
  
     E. 2 and 3

16. "Tata Steel, one of the biggest steel makers in the world, was born in Jamshedpur. The very
success of Tata Steel could lead to its failure in the future and hence the challenge for Tata
Steel is to recognise its strengths that make it successful in initial conditions and stick to
them."

 1. This is a valid conclusion.

 2. The conclusion is contrary to the ideas described in the passage.

 3. The conclusion is an internally contradictory.
 
     A. 1 only

     B. 2 only

     C. 3 only

     D. 1 and 2

     E. 2 and 3

17. Recently it was reported that Indian textile sector was not doing well. If the ideas contained in the passage are agreed to, then which of the following could be possible reason(s)?

 1. All Indian firms are as old as international firms.

 2. Indian textile firms are dispersed all over the country, with most of them also having
    international presence.

 3. Textile firms in India were subjected to trade union activity in the period from 1960s to 1980s.

     A. 1

     B. 2

     C. 3

     D. 1 and 2
  
     E. 1, 2 and 3

Analyse the following passage and provide an appropriate answer for the questions 18 and 19.

Since power is itself a value, forms of influence which include power in their scope are usually
themselves forms of power. The king's mistress, though she has only influence, not power, over
the king, may have power over his subjects in the degree of that influence. Forms of influence
based on power are themselves forms of power only if the scope of the influence is included
within that of the power in question. The king may exercise influence over standards of morality,
say, by virtue of his power position, but he does not necessarily exercise power over morality.

18. Which combination of following statements best summarises the idea expressed in the
paragraph?
 
 1. Strength of an influence determines its power.

 2. Influence always contributes power to the welder of influence beyond the scope of influence.

 3. Proximity to authority is itself a source of power.

 4. Forms of influence are power only if they can influence behaviour.

     A. 1, 2
 
     B. 1, 3

     C. 1, 4

     D. 1, 3, 4

     E. 1, 2, 4

19. Which of the following is similar to ideas expressed in the paragraph?

 A. A king can influence what dramas are enacted by artists.

 B. A king can influence who acts in dramas in his kingdom.

 C. A king can indicate the appropriateness of dramas enacted.

 D. A king can influence the prices charged from drama groups by actors.

 E. A king can influence on what drama audience spend their money.



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